The ABC's of PC Maintenance

By Khushroo Daruwalla





What will I learn today?

You will learn the basics of PC maintenance.


What hardware and/or software does the KhushTech-Torial apply to?

This KhushTech-Torial applies to any PC (computer running Windows). Mac users will find parts

Of the KhushTech-Torial helpful as well.




Bikes must pump air into their tires. Cars must have their oil changed. Computers must

Be kept in good working order as well.


Remember your ABCs:

A = Antivirus

B = Backup

C = Clean Up




A computer virus is a software program that can destroy information or make it difficult to

Manage the contents of a computer disk. Computer viruses can affect hardware,

Software, and/or stored information. Some computer viruses are intentionally created;

Others are practical jokes.

Computer viruses are spread primarily through floppy disks and e-mail. Using an antivirus

Program once a week to check for hidden viruses (for school computers, check with

Tech staff first.) can help immunize your PC against most viruses. In addition, you should

Take care when using floppy disks or e-mail.






Watch Your Floppy’s

Don't save files to a floppy disk unless you know that the original computer is virusfree.

If you suspect that a floppy might have a virus, ask the school tech staff to check it


Otherwise, use an anti-virus program to check the disk. If a virus is detected,

discard the disk!

Take Care With E-Mail

Avoid opening e-mails with odd or nonsensical subject lines, with grammar errors

Or stilted language, and from a sender you don't know.

Avoid opening attachments you weren't expecting, from a sender you do not know,

or ending in .exe -- unless you're sure you know what it is.

 When in doubt about a particular e-mail, delete the message and e-mail the sender

(If you know him or her) to learn whether the e-mail was legitimate.




Computers aren't infallible; files do become lost or damaged or infected by viruses.

Protect your files by backing up your work. Backing up files simply means copying them

to a second location. A good rule of thumb is to back up your files once a month if you

don't use the computer often, and once a week or more if you are a frequent computer


Files can be backed up to

 Floppy Disks. Floppies are a simple solution for beginners, but they can be easily

damaged or lost and they have limited storage capability.

E-mail. E-mailing a file to yourself works for one or two files, but they probably are

not secure from prying eyes.

CD-RW. If you have a CD writer, burning your files onto a CD can provide back up

for important files, but using this method for weekly back up is difficult.

Server. Some schools or districts maintain a secure server; ask if you can save

your work to the server too.

Zip Drive. Although not a common option, zip discs provide easy and largecapacity

storage. Zip drives and discs must be purchased, however.



Files will be easier to find if you manage your files efficiently, straighten up your desktop

frequently, and clean your hard drive regularly.

The Khush Five of File Management

1. Only keep files on your desktop when you're using them; otherwise, put them in a

    clearly-labelled folder on the C: drive.

2. When loose files equal ten or more, make folders to store them in!

3. Don't be afraid to delete files containing information you can get elsewhere or files

    you won't I need again.

4. Remember that folders can be more that just one level! Store folders inside folders!

5. Make file and folder names meaningful -- the more specific, the better!





Clear the Desktop

You can use your My Documents folder to keep your desktop neat and uncluttered. If you

don't find the My Documents folder on your desktop, double-click My Computer, double-click

the C: drive icon, and then double-click My Documents to open it. Drag files you've

saved on your desktop into My Documents. Create more folders within your My

Documents folder: open My Documents and then click File>New>Folder. Clearly name

each folder you create and drag the appropriate files in My Documents into one of those

folders. Finally, delete unwanted files by right clicking each file, left clicking Delete, and

hitting Enter.


Organize the hard drive

Your computer is always in a hurry; it throws pieces of data into whatever empty spots it

can find on your hard drive. Eventually, that disorganized data storage will slow down

your computer. Luckily, your computer has a built in system for reorganizing your data.

That system consists of two steps.

Step 1: Go to Start>Programs>Accessories>System Tools>and choose Disk

Defragmenter. Defragging the C: drive monthly can bring your computer back up to

speed. ( Please call or email me before you do this just to avoid any conflicts.)


Step 2: Go to Start>Programs>Accessories>System Tools>and choose Disk Cleanup.

Run Disc Cleanup for the C: drive. Disk Cleanup throws away temporary Internet files

and other unneeded files that could slow down your PC. ( Do this every alternate month)



Where can I find more information about PC maintenance?

Computer provides excellent tips for keeping your PC in tip-top shape.

McAfee and Symantec offer anti-virus software you can purchase, as well as alerts on

The latest viruses and virus hoaxes.



What's next?

Be sure to visit next Month -- and every Month -- for another quick and helpful KhushTech-Torial!