The ABC's of PC Maintenance
WHY A KHUSHTECH-TORIAL?
What will I learn today?
You will learn the basics of PC maintenance.
What hardware and/or software does the KhushTech-Torial apply to?
This KhushTech-Torial applies to any PC (computer running Windows). Mac users will find parts
Of the KhushTech-Torial helpful as well.
WHY MAINTAIN YOUR COMPUTER?
Bikes must pump air into their tires. Cars must have their oil changed. Computers must
Be kept in good working order as well.
Remember your ABCs:
A = Antivirus
B = Backup
C = Clean Up
A IS FOR ANTIVIRUS
A computer virus is a software program that can destroy information or make it difficult to
Manage the contents of a computer disk. Computer viruses can affect hardware,
Software, and/or stored information. Some computer viruses are intentionally created;
Others are practical jokes.
Computer viruses are spread primarily through floppy disks and e-mail. Using an antivirus
Program once a week to check for hidden viruses (for school computers, check with
Tech staff first.) can help immunize your PC against most viruses. In addition, you should
Take care when using floppy disks or e-mail.
A IS FOR ANTIVIRUS
Watch Your Floppy’s
Don't save files to a floppy disk unless you know that the original computer is virusfree.
If you suspect that a floppy might have a virus, ask the school tech staff to check it
Otherwise, use an anti-virus program to check the disk. If a virus is detected,
discard the disk!
Take Care With E-Mail
Avoid opening e-mails with odd or nonsensical subject lines, with grammar errors
Or stilted language, and from a sender you don't know.
Avoid opening attachments you weren't expecting, from a sender you do not know,
or ending in .exe -- unless you're sure you know what it is.
When in doubt about a particular e-mail, delete the message and e-mail the sender
(If you know him or her) to learn whether the e-mail was legitimate.
B IS FOR BACKUP
Computers aren't infallible; files do become lost or damaged or infected by viruses.
Protect your files by backing up your work. Backing up files simply means copying them
to a second location. A good rule of thumb is to back up your files once a month if you
don't use the computer often, and once a week or more if you are a frequent computer
Files can be backed up to
Floppy Disks. Floppies are a simple solution for beginners, but they can be easily
damaged or lost and they have limited storage capability.
E-mail. E-mailing a file to yourself works for one or two files, but they probably are
not secure from prying eyes.
CD-RW. If you have a CD writer, burning your files onto a CD can provide back up
for important files, but using this method for weekly back up is difficult.
Server. Some schools or districts maintain a secure server; ask if you can save
your work to the server too.
Zip Drive. Although not a common option, zip discs provide easy and largecapacity
storage. Zip drives and discs must be purchased, however.
C IS FOR CLEAN UP
Files will be easier to find if you manage your files efficiently, straighten up your desktop
frequently, and clean your hard drive regularly.
The Khush Five of File Management
1. Only keep files on your desktop when you're using them; otherwise, put them in a
clearly-labelled folder on the C: drive.
2. When loose files equal ten or more, make folders to store them in!
3. Don't be afraid to delete files containing information you can get elsewhere or files
you won't I need again.
4. Remember that folders can be more that just one level! Store folders inside folders!
5. Make file and folder names meaningful -- the more specific, the better!
NEAT AND CLEAN
Clear the Desktop
You can use your My Documents folder to keep your desktop neat and uncluttered. If you
don't find the My Documents folder on your desktop, double-click My Computer, double-click
the C: drive icon, and then double-click My Documents to open it. Drag files you've
saved on your desktop into My Documents. Create more folders within your My
Documents folder: open My Documents and then click File>New>Folder. Clearly name
each folder you create and drag the appropriate files in My Documents into one of those
folders. Finally, delete unwanted files by right clicking each file, left clicking Delete, and
Organize the hard drive
Your computer is always in a hurry; it throws pieces of data into whatever empty spots it
can find on your hard drive. Eventually, that disorganized data storage will slow down
your computer. Luckily, your computer has a built in system for reorganizing your data.
That system consists of two steps.
Step 1: Go to Start>Programs>Accessories>System Tools>and choose Disk
Defragmenter. Defragging the C: drive monthly can bring your computer back up to
speed. ( Please call or email me before you do this just to avoid any conflicts.)
Step 2: Go to Start>Programs>Accessories>System Tools>and choose Disk Cleanup.
Run Disc Cleanup for the C: drive. Disk Cleanup throws away temporary Internet files
and other unneeded files that could slow down your PC. ( Do this every alternate month)
TELL ME MORE
Where can I find more information about PC maintenance?
Computer Hope.com provides excellent tips for keeping your PC in tip-top shape.
McAfee and Symantec offer anti-virus software you can purchase, as well as alerts on
The latest viruses and virus hoaxes.
Be sure to visit next Month -- and every Month -- for another quick and helpful KhushTech-Torial!